Why Tax Planning?
There is more to tax planning than exemptions available on savings. With our advice, you will pay the right amount of tax, not more and not less. You will also know how to tax proof your incomes and gains. After all, your capital is more productive in your hands and it can work wonders for you if planned properly.
We guide you in the Planning & managing your finances and achieving your financial goals. Basic planning starts with Tax planning as good tax planning can increase the take home salary. These investments can also cater to a few of your needs if this is well planned. Tax planning is not restricted only to tax savings investments (Section 80C). There are several other components e.g. HRA, Home Loans, LTA, Sec 80D, Reimbursements, etc to reduce the taxable income.
Type of Taxes
Income tax lies under the category of direct taxes. An individual having an annual income of more than Rs. 2.50 lakh per year is required to pay the tax. Tax is levied at various tax slabs basing on the income.
Property tax is levied by the Local authorities Like Municipal corporations etc on the residential and commercial properties.
Goods and Service Tax (GST)
This tax lies under the category of Indirect Taxes. It has been introduced in place of Sales Tax. It is charged on all Goods and Services produced. It is the major source of revenue for the government.
Capital Gain Tax
It paid on the profit made on the sale of the Fixed Assets or Shares or Stocks. In the case of fixed assets, the benefit of indexation is allowed. It is divided into long-term and short term capital gain, which attracts a different tax rate
Corporate tax is a direct tax imposed by a government on the income or capital of corporations or other legal entities. It can either be at the national level, and may be imposed at state or local levels based on size and function of companies.
Excise duty refers to the taxes levied on the manufacture of goods within the country, as opposed to custom duty that is levied on goods coming from outside the country. For example, It is charged on food items, petrol and liquors.
Steps involved in Systematic approach of Tax Planning
- Forecasting of Total Income and Taxable Income: The total income for the year to be estimated in advance. Based on the total income and taxable income also to be estimated. This will help in proper tax planning for the ensuing financial year.
- Investment and Expenses: Once expected total income for the year is known. The expenses and the amount available for investment can be estimated. Investment in tax savings schemes may be started at the beginning of the year. We may start investing in Equity Linked Savings Scheme of Mutual Funds through monthly SIP or start contributing to the PPF scheme. This will reduce the pressure at the fag end of the financial year.
- Assessing Tax Liability regularly: During the year tax liability is to be assessed regularly based on the income. This will help in keeping the tab on tax liability so that there will be no panic at the end of the year.
- Paying Advance Tax: As per the forecast of the tax liability, if advance tax is to be paid we must pay the same within the stipulated time to avoid interest for the delayed period.
- Filing of Income Tax Return (ITR): We must file our Income Tax Return at the end of the year within time to avoid any penalty.
- Safekeeping of documents: All the documents viz; Details of investments, Transactions, Bank statements, etc are to be kept safely in one place. It is advisable to maintain the same financial year wise.
Type of Tax Planning
- Purposive Tax Planning: It is done keeping in mind the specific purpose like a replacement of assets, change in residential status, Diversifying business activities which will result in tax savings.
- Permissive Tax Planning: It is done keeping in view various deductions available in income tax laws viz; Availing tax benefits under Section 80C,80DD,80G, etc.
- Short Term and Long Term Planning: Short Term planning is done keeping in view the specific object and is executed at the end of the year. Whereas Long Term Planning is done at the beginning of the year and is followed throughout the year.
Benefits of Tax Planning
- Helps in assessing proper estimated income for the ensuing financial year and assessing the correct tax liable to be paid.
- Helps in planning the proper investment plan to save the taxes.
- Saves from the last-minute rush in assessing and paying taxes. Which may lead to paying more taxes and inappropriate investment plan.
- It enables us to file the Income Tax Return(ITR) in time.Which may lead to paying more taxes and inappropriate investment plan.
- It helps in avoiding imposing of penalties and payment of interest.
- It helps in maximizing the tax relief and reducing tax liabilities.
Common Mistakes in Tax Planning
- Procrastination: This is the most common mistake. Any delay in planning leads to a last-minute rush and paying more taxes. Sometimes it may lead to paying penalties and litigation also.
- The investment made in Life Insurance products:Many times investments are made in the insurance products without an assessment of its requirement just for the sake of availing tax benefit. This results in erratic investment planning.
- Failing to avail the tax benefits available in other sections of Income Tax:Section 80C is the most popular section for availing tax benefits. Whereas tax benefits are available in other sections also viz; Section 80DD,80E,80G,80GGA,10(1), etc.
- Incorrect Estimated IncomeNot assessing the estimated income for the ensuing financial year properly. Accrued but not received income not included in the total income.
- By careful planning, one can reduce tax liability substantially.
- Declaring at the start of the FY is most important.
- Don’t wait for last minute. Start in April and use monthly investments to reduce risk. It will be easier on your pocket as well.
- Try and achieve tax planning and also planning for your needs simultaneously
- Use tax efficient investment avenues. You should not be paying too much tax on their returns.